Rome and its legacy remains central in Western culture, as it is attested from countless movies, TV-shows and games.
Professional training of the troops did not cease here. The whole political system was therefore a balancing act to avoid the excesses of power of each: By the time of the Punic Wars, weaponry and formations had become standardized. The political competition for these positions became immense, so much so that the simple family resources were no longer sufficient to have a chance of being elected.
This phase of Roman expansion can safely be interpreted as wars of outright conquest. Otherwise, the allies preserved local autonomy and Rome did not impose tribute or military contributions.
Some factions of the Roman aristocracy preferred to adhere to an isolationist policy of maintaining the peace in Italy while avoiding entangling alliances overseas. Italy, exhausted, was no longer a breeding ground for the imperial soldiers, and recruitment was being excentred to other provinces.
The result was that Rome rarely experienced disasters in the field.
The Kings of Rome began the process of forging alliances with neighboring cities, forming the original Latin League of Latin cities that ultimately opposed the Etruscans.
The limits of the system For centuries under the Republic, these two processes were intertwined and gave birth to Roman imperialism. The purpose of the Hastati assault was to test the mettle of the enemy, to probe weaknesses, and to soften them up. Among the first and foremost enemies Rome faced was King Pyrrhus of Epirus.
Gradually Rome and its Latin allies understood the advantages of colonization as a way to export excess population and to expand the available pool of manpower eligible for the draft. This chain of events would lead to the Republic officially becoming an Empire, all due to the intense competitive spirit and ambition of relatively few men.
The conquest of the East brought a considerable fortune, not only from the loot but from the benefits related to governance and taxation. Lucullus, much like Metellus in the Jugurthine War, proceeded slowly and methodically.
Roman proconsuls guilty of committing atrocities against innocent tribesmen were repeatedly acquitted by juries of their peers. Similar intervention in southern Italy the Bay of Tarentum resulted in the outbreak of conflict with Tarentum whose citizens turned for assistance to King Pyrrhus of Epirus BCa relative of Alexander the Great.
The general could meanwhile dispatch messengers to Rome to inform the Senate of the army's defeat and to call for reinforcements or relieving forces. Just prior to contact the maniples would form a "mini-phalanx", by drawing close together and by having troops from the back ranks shift forward to fill the spaces between the maniples.
Especially so as the Roman Republic, unlike the later Principate, is not a monolithic entity with a univocal policy of government. He looked out across the battlefield to see so many fallen Macedonians that he exclaimed, "One more victory like this, and I will be forced to return to Epirus alone.
Similar intervention in southern Italy the Bay of Tarentum resulted in the outbreak of conflict with Tarentum whose citizens turned for assistance to King Pyrrhus of Epirus BCa relative of Alexander the Great. The Second Mithridatic War can barely be called such - it began with another Roman, Murena, seeking glory and attacking Mithridates as he was withdrawing from Cappadocia under the terms of his treaty with Sulla.
The final subjugation of Spain, however, may have resulted from the desire of Scipio Aemelianus to live up to his family names.
In the event of defeat, the army could withdraw within the fortifications of the camp and hold out indefinitely, depending on the stock of its supply.
If necessary these could be withdrawn to rest while the Hastati, now regrouped, could be recommitted to the front.As the definition of Parenti of Imperialism goes, Republican Rome was interested in expanding their territory for economic reasons.
However, the events ushering imperialism in the Republic of Rome was also tainted by personal and political agendas, and not of a nationalistic agenda. During the early Republic, power rested in the hands of the patricians, a privileged class of Roman citizens whose status was a birthright.
The patricians had exclusive control over all religious offices and issued final assent (patrum auctoritas) to decisions made by the Roman popular assemblies. The Political Decay of the Roman Republic - The Political Decay of the Roman Republic The fall of the Western Roman Empire was the first example in history on the collapse of a constitutional system which was caused by the internal decay in political, military, economics, and sociological issues.
- The Roman Republic was one of the three phases of the ancient Roman civilization that began with overthrowing the monarchy and ended with the imperial period from B.C.E to 29 B.C.E.
It was the biggest civilization at the time (Roman republic, ). Lecture Roman Imperialism Within approximately years the city state of Rome expanded militarily to become the dominant power on the peninsula of Italy; in the following years the same military establishment rose to assume authority over the entire Mediterranean world.
The war allowed for expansion, shifted policies and made the gap between rich and poor bigger. (Class was a huge factor in society after the wars.) Imperialism expanded more land and allowed for more people for the population.
After Rome conquered Carthage, Rome needed money to support their people and provide them with food and other necessities.Download